About

Haycock Township is a wonderful place to live partly because of it’s abundance of natural flora and fauna. The habitat is one of our strong assets and we can take it upon ourselves to maintain and improve our environs. Haycock Township was officially recognized as a National Wildlife Federation Community Wildlife Habitat on Oct 21, 2012; the 63rd in the United States.

“A Community Wildlife Habitat is a community that provides habitat for wildlife throughout the community–in individual backyards, on school grounds and in public areas such as parks, community gardens, places of worship and businesses.  It is a place where the residents make it a priority to provide habitat for wildlife by providing the basic elements that all wildlife need”. http://www.nwf.org . Residents (and businesses/places of worship, schools) interested in certifying your backyard, go to http://www.nwf.org/gardenforwildlife. Their website also has alot of information on wildlife gardening.

Certifying Haycock Township as a National Wildlife Federation Community Wildlife Habitat will have a positive impact on the community.  In addition to the primary benefits to the wildlife habitat, it will also bring the community together while working toward our goals to support the bee and bat populations, replacing invasive plants with native species, and reducing herbicides and other toxins.  It should engage healthy scholarly activity as well – we intend to have workshops on how to bee keep, how to make a bat house and what to plant after you pull out the stuff that shouldn’t be there.  The community, young and old, can submit their activities, questions, share answers on our blog https://haycockwildlifehabitat.wordpress.com. Check it out! The blog is also intended to stimulate creative juices – where we can publish your drawings, writings – short stories, commentaries, poems, photos, and even upload videos. Experience the thrill of sharing and getting published! Additionally, it should stimulate the local economy by highlighting local businesses and increasing the value of real estate.

In addition to this blog: https://haycockwildlifehabitat.wordpress.com/ , there is a Facebook group “The Haycock Wildlife Group”.  If you are an avid Facebook user, contact Robin (Heydenberk) wrh2@Lehigh.EDU if you’d like to help administer this group.

Those of you that would be interested in playing more of a role with our Haycock Wildlife Habitat group and would like to serve as a team member (including K-12 students!), please contact Julie at goingreenpa@yahoo.com or better yet, call (610) 847-2411.

References Relating to the Goals of the Haycock Community Wildlife Habitat

Pesticides and their effects on wildlife

“Research on RoundUp’s Toxicity—Part I.” Research on RoundUp’s Toxicity—Part I. Nature’s Country Store, n.d. Web. 18 July 2012. .

Berenbaum, May R. “Losing Their Buzz.” The New York Times. The New York Times, 02 Mar. 2007. Web. 27 July 2012. .

Harder, L. D., and M. A. Aizen. “The Global Stock of Domesticated Honey Bees Is Growing Slower than Agricultural Demand for Pollination.” National Center for Biotechnology Information. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 7 May 2009. Web. 25 July 2012. .

Claire Kremen, Neal M. Williams, and Robbin W. Thorp Crop pollination from native bees at risk from agricultural intensification PNAS 2002 99 (26) 16812-16816; published ahead of print December 16, 2002, doi:10.1073/pnas.262413599

IOBC-WPRS.org. International Organization for Biological and Integrated Control of Noxious Animals and Plants, 2003. Web. 19 July 2012. .

Andersson GKS, Rundlöf M, Smith HG (2012) Organic Farming Improves Pollination Success in Strawberries. PLoS ONE 7(2): e31599. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0031599

Sanford, Malcolm T. “Protecting Honeybees from Pesticides.” University of Florida ISAF Extension. University of Florida, n.d. Web. 22 July 2012. .

Krupke CH, Hunt GJ, Eitzer BD, Andino G, Given K (2012) Multiple Routes of Pesticide Exposure for Honey Bees Living Near Agricultural Fields. PloS ONE 7(1): e29268. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0029268

Turkey, Paul. (2009, September 17) Imidacloprid: What you must know now. Retrieved July 16, 2012 from SafeLawns Blog website: http://www.safelawns.org/blog/index.php/2009/09/imidacloprid-what-you-must-know-now/

United States Department of Agriculture. National Asian Longhorned Beetle Program. (2011, March) Asian Longhorned Beetle Cooperative Eradication Program in Essex, Norfolk and Suffolk Counties, Massachusetts. Retrieved July 16, 2012 from: massnrc.org/pests/…/ALBNorfolkSuffolkEssexEA2011.pdf

“Website Design, SEO and Web Hosting by Perfexion Inc.” Bucks County Farms. Bucks County, 2012. Web. 25 July 2012. .

Underwood, R., & D. vanEngelsdorp 2007, Colony Collapse Disorder: Have we seen this Before? Bee Culture 135(7) 13-18 Retreived from: http://ento.psu.edu/pollinators/publications

vanEngelsdorp D, Evans JD, Saegerman C, Mullin C, Haubruge E, et al. (2009) Colony Collapse Disorder: A Descriptive Study. PLoS ONE 4(8): e6481. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0006481

Marks, Raissa. (2005) Native Pollinators. Fish and Wildlife Habitat Management Leaflet, 34. Retrieved from: http://plants.usda.gov/pollinators/Native_Pollinators.pdf

Cameron S.A., et al., (2010) Patterns of widespread decline in North American bumble bees. PNAS, http://www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1014743108

Kepner, J., (2004) Synergy: The big unknowns of pesticide exposure. Pesticides and You, 23(4), 17-20. Retrieved from http://www.beyondpesticides.org/infoservices/pesticidesandyou/…/Synergy.pdf

Mullin CA, Frazier M, Frazier JL, Ashcraft S, Simonds R, et al. (2010) High Levels of Miticides and Agrochemicals in North American Apiaries: Implications for Honey Bee Health. PLoS ONE 5(3): e9754. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0009754

Pettis, J.S., et al. (2012) Pesticide exposure in honey bees results in increased levels of the gut pathogen Nosema. Naturwissenschaften , 99, 153-158. doi:0.1007/s00114-011-0881-1

Schneider CW, Tautz J, Grunewald B, Fuchs S (2012) RFID Tracking of Sublethal Effects of Two Neonicotinoid Insecticides on the Foraging Behavior of Apis mellifera. PLoS ONE 7(1):e30023. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0030023

Mommaerts, V, et al. (2010) Risk assessment for side-effects of neonicotinoids against bumblebees with and without impairing foraging behavior, Ecotoxicology, 19, 207-215. doi:10.1007/s10646-009-0406-2

Cresswell, J.E., (2011) A meta-analysis of experiments testing the effects of a neonicotinoid insecticide (imidacloprid) on honey bees, Ecotoxicology, 20, 149-157. doi:10.1007/s10646-010-0566-0

Turkey, Paul. (2009, September 17) Imidacloprid: What you must know now. Retrieved July 16, 2012 from SafeLawns Blog website: http://www.safelawns.org/blog/index.php/2009/09/imidacloprid-what-you-must-know-now/

United States Department of Agriculture. National Asian Longhorned Beetle Program. (2011, March) Asian Longhorned Beetle Cooperative Eradication Program in Essex, Norfolk and Suffolk Counties, Massachusetts. Retrieved July 16, 2012 from: massnrc.org/pests/…/ALBNorfolkSuffolkEssexEA2011.pdf

Mader, E. (2009). Invertebrate Conservation Fact Sheet: Organic-Approved Pesticides. Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.

PA West Nile Virus Control Program. (2012). Surveillance Data and Maps. Retrieved from http://www.westnile.state.pa.us/surv.htm

Bucks County. (2012). Bucks County News Archive 2012. Retrieved From http://www.buckscounty.org/news/2012/index.aspx

Pesticides/Herbicides

http://1greengeneration.elementsintime.com
http://www.truehealth.org/ahealn46.html
http://www.naturalnews.com
http://ipm.ncsu.edu/safety/factsheets
http://garden.lovetoknow.com
http://urbanext.illinois.edu/soil/sq_info/pest.pdf

Honeybees and Pesticides

Borror, Donald J., Richard E. White. Insects: Peterson Field Guides. 1970. (p354).
Carson, Rachel. “Silent Spring”. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2002. Print.
Ellis, James D.and Amanda Ellis. “Common name: Small Hive beetle”. Featured Creatures. University of Florida. June 2010. web. July 2011. .
Evans, Judith. “Fruit Tree Spray That Won’t Hurt Honey Bees”. EHow Contributor. July 14, 2011. Web. July 2011. .
Extoxnet. “Malathion”. PMEP. Sept. 1993. Web. 01 Aug. 2011. .
Golden Harvest Organics. “Saving Bees: Fungus Found To Attack Varroa Mites”. 2011. web. July2011. .
Gullan, P.J. and P.S. Cranston. The Insects an outline of entomology. 3rd edition. 2005.
Hickman, Roberts, Larson, I’Anson, Eisenhour. Zoology. 13th edition. 2006. McGraw-Hill Companies.
Miller, Allen and Bryonry C. Bonning. “Center For Virus-Insect Interactions”. Iowa State University. 2011. web. July 2011. .
Miller, GT (2002). Living in the Environment (12th Ed.). Belmont: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning.
Nematode Information. “Management of small hive beetles with insect-parasitic nematodes”. August 11th, 2010. web July 2011. .
Northern Territory Government. “Primary Industry.” Department of Resources. Northern Territory Government, 24 June 2011. Web. 1 Aug. 2011. .
US Environmental Protection Agency. “Program Highlights.” US Environmental Protection Agency. The Environmental Protection Agency, 23 Feb. 2011. Web. 01 Aug. 2011. .
US Environmental Protection Agency. “Types of Pesticides”. About Pesticides. 22 Apr. 2011. Web. 01 Aug. 2011. .
Watanabe, Myrna E. “Colony Collapse Disorder: Many Suspects, No Smoking Gun”. BioScience 58.5 (2008): 384-88. Www.aibs.org. University of California Press, May 2008. Web. 19 July 2011.
Xu, Sue. ENVIRONMENTAL FATE OF CARBARYL. Environmental Fate Reviews. California Department of Pest Regulation, 2000. Web. 1 Aug. 2011. .

Bees

http://www.buzzaboutbees.net/missingbees.html
https://www.commondreams.org/headline
http://www.ars.usda.gov/News/docs.htm?docid=15572
http://www.ca.uky.edu/entomology
http://www.independent.co.uk/environment
http://www.theregister.co.uk
http://news.discovery.com/animals
http://www.telegraph.co.uk

Bats

http://www.fws.gov/whitenosesyndrome
http://www.fort.usgs.gov/wns/
http://www.fort.usgs.gov/products
http://www.readingeagle.com
http://www.caves.org
http://www.biomedcentral.com
http://www.batconservation.org

Bats and White Nose Syndrome

Burgess, Amy. “Research to Combat White Nose Syndrome in Bats.” Knoxville News Sentinel. Web. 04 Apr. 2012. .

Castle, Kevin. “Researchers Make Progress Finding Cause of White-nose Syndrome in Bats- Kingsport Times-News.” Kingsport Times-News. 19 Nov. 2011. Web. 04 Apr. 2012.
.

“White-Nose Syndrome Research.” – Conserve Wildlife Foundation of NJ. 2011. Web. 04 Apr. 2012. .

Investigating White-Nose Syndrome in Bats. USGS. Web. 2 Apr. 2012. .

batcon.org. (2012). Retrieved March 25, 2012, from Bat Conservation International:
http://www.batcon.org/

Boyles, J. G., Cryan, P. M., McCracken, G. F., & Kunz, T. H. (2011, April 1). Economic
Importance of Bats. Retrieved April 3, 2012, from USGS:
http://www.fort.usgs.gov/Products/Publications/23069a/23069a.pdf

Kunz, T. H., Braun de Torrez, E., Bauer, D., Lobova, T., & Fleming, T. H. (2011).
Ecosystem services provided by bats. Retrieved April 3, 2012, from Caves.org:
http://www.caves.org/WNS/WNS%20Kunz%20April%205%20%202011.pdf

Night Friends – American Bats. (2012). Retrieved April 3, 2012, from National Wildlife
Federation: http://www.nwf.org/~/media/PDFs/Wildlife/batguide.ashx

Taylor, D. A. (2010, October 7). batcon.org. Retrieved April 3, 2012, from Forest
Management & Bats: http://www.batcon.org/pdfs/ForestMgmtandBats.pdf

Top 10 Places in the U.S. to See Bats. (2010, April 6). Retrieved April 3, 2012, from
Animaltourism.com: http://animaltourism.com/news/2010/04/06/top-10-places-in-the-u-s-to-see-bats

What We Do/White Nose Syndrome. (2012, April 2). Retrieved April 3, 2012, from Bat
Conservation

International: http://www.batcon.org/index.php/what-we-do/white-nose-syndrome.html?utm_source=internal&utm_medium=five_icon&utm_campaign=5IWhite
nose%2BSyndrome

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service : A National Plan For Assisting States, Federal Agencies, and Tribes in Managing White-Nose Syndrome in Bats, May 2011

Invasive Plants

http://www.bhwp.org/resources/Invasive-Plants.htm
http://www.ehow.com/list_7322700_endangered-plants-pennsylvania.html
what plants are invasive (and how to identify them)
http://www.acb-online.org/pubs/projects/deliverables-145-1-2004.pdf

Invasive Species: Bamboo

“Bamboo.” Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 08 June 2011. .
“Bamboo Forest.” Rutgers Gardens. Web. 08 June 2011. .
“General Bamboo Information.” American Bamboo Society – Official Website – ABS – BAMBOO – Bamboo.org. Web. 06 June 2011. .
Jaquith, Ned. “Planting and Care of Bamboo.” American Bamboo Society – Official Website – ABS – BAMBOO – Bamboo.org. Web. 06 June 2011.
“Phyllostachys (genus) Non-Native Plant Invasiveness Ranking Form.” NY Invasive Species Home. Web. 06 June 2011. .
“Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council Invasive Plant Manual: Golden Bamboo.” Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council. Web. 15 June 2011. .
“Golden Bamboo.” USDA Forest Service. Web. 15 June 2011. .
“All About Bamboo- Regional Recommendations.” Bamboo Sourcery. Web. 15 June 2011.

Native Plantings

Plants native to PA
http://www.dcnr.state.pa.us/forestry/LandscapingBrochure.pdf
Landscaping with Native Plants Brochure

Endangered Species

“endangered species.” The American Heritage® Science Dictionary. Houghton Mifflin Company. 07 Oct. 2011.

Jowit, Juliette. “Humans Driving Extinction Faster than Species Can Evolve, Say Experts”| The Guardian. 7 Mar. 2010. Web. 17 Oct. 2011. .

Perry, Mark J. “99.9% of All Species Have Already Gone Extinct.” CARPE DIEM. 14 Sept. 2007. Web. 17 Oct. 2011. .

“Carrying Capacity.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 8 Oct. 2011.

“Endangerment and its Causes.” Gale Cengage Learning. 8 Oct. 2011.

“How long does it take for one inch of soil to form?” Soil Science. 10 Oct. 2011

“Causes of Endangerment.” The American Museum of Natural History. 1996. Web. 7 Oct. 2011. .

“Endemic Species.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 11 Oct. 2011.

“Introduced Species.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 7 Oct. 2011.

“Cane Toad.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 13 Oct. 2011.
Environmental Laboratory. Spring 2007. Web. 9 Oct 2011.

“N.Z. Birds and Animals.” Christchurch City Libraries. 9 Oct. 2011.

“Overexploitation of Endangered Species.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 10 Oct. 2011.

“American Peregrine Falcon.” The American Museum of Natural History. 1996. Web. 9 Oct. 2011.
“Ecosystem Gone Haywire: Cape Gannet Bird Threatened With Extinction.” Science Daily: News & Articles in Science, Health, Environment & Technology. 5 May 2009. Web. 17 Oct. 2011. .

“Summary of ESA | Laws and Regulations | US EPA.” US Environmental Protection Agency. Web. 18 Oct. 2011. http://www.epa.gov/lawsregs/laws/esa.html

Downey, Heather. “What Are the Consequences for Killing Endangered Animals?” EHow.com. Web. 18 Oct. 2011. .

New Jersey. Department of Environmental Protection. New Jersey’s Endangered and Threatened Wildlife. Trenton: , 2004. Web. .

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